In civil law the sources recognized as authoritative are principally legislation - especially codifications in constitutions or statutes enacted by governments - and secondarily, custom. To fulfill its responsibility for the functioning of the courts and the supervision of state marshals, state notaries, and the national bar organization, the Ministry of Justice was divided into six directorates: civil courts. Fortunately, with a more up to date approach and exposure of the legal system to the EU rules this is no longer the case which it was many years ago. Consumer Sales and Guarantees Directive (1999/44) Text of the Directive. Sharia is the most widespread religious legal system (see Islamic Law), and is the sole system of law for countries including Iran, the Maldives, and Saudi Arabia. Regardless of some minor differences the fundamental law in all the three states is the Constisution . The 50 state legislatures have similar authority to enact state statutes. The Romanian legal system, based on the Napoleonic Code, is inquisitorial. function simpleSearchText_onblur(element) { Tort law is contained in the Civil Code, and it is contained in a handful of paragraphs (articles). The Spanish Civil Code reflects a complex mixture of customary, Roman, Napoleonic, local, and modern codified law. The Legal System of Romania (English Edition) eBook: Levasseur, Alain A., Trahan, J. Randall, Gruning, David: Amazon.de: Kindle-Shop Consumer Sales and Guarantees Directive (1999/44), Unfair Commercial Practices Directive (2005/29), Misleading and Comparative Advertising Directive (2006/114), Information on national law (information sheets), Court fees concerning European Payment Order procedure, Court fees concerning Small Claims procedure, Property consequences of registered partnerships, Cross-border placement of a child including foster family, Particularities of cross-border mediation, Restrictions on successions – special rules, If my claim is to be considered in this country, If my claim is to be sent from this country to another EU country, If my claim (from another country) is to be considered in this country, Rights of victims of crime in criminal proceedings, Mutual recognition of protection measures, Rights of defendants in criminal proceedings, European Investigation Order, mutual legal assistance and Joint Investigation Teams, European Judicial Atlas in criminal matters, Interconnected insolvency registers search, Find a legal translator or an interpreter, European training networks and structures, Training of legal practitioners at national level, National training structures for the judiciary, Court staff's training systems in the Member States, Lawyers' training systems in the Member States, Judgments in civil and commercial matters forms, Matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility forms, European Account Preservation Order forms, Mutual recognition of protection measures forms, Access to justice in environmental matters, Judgments in civil and commercial matters - Brussels I Regulation, Mutual recognition of protection measures in civil matters, Law applicable to divorce and legal separation, Matrimonial matters and matters of parental responsibility, Matters of the property consequences of registered partnerships. Until the time of his reign, laws customary among England's various manorial and ecclesiastical (church) jurisdictions were administered locally. The most recent changes to the French legal system - introduced in the 1980s - were the decentralization laws, which transferred authority from centrally appointed government representatives to locally elected representatives of the people.International Law - The law of the international community, or the body of customary rules and treaty rules accepted as legally binding by states in their relations with each other. French law is primarily codified or systematic written civil law. Private law covers issues between private citizens or corporations. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. a. Romania Insider. Only practices consistent with public policy and accepted principles of morality are recognised as sources of law. Publication of official announcements. The legal systems of nearly all countries are generally modeled upon elements of five main types: civil law (including French law, the Napoleonic Code, Roman law, Roman-Dutch law, and Spanish law); common law (including United State law); customary law; mixed or pluralistic law; and religious law (including Islamic law). Similar to federal states, the EU legal system ensures compliance from the member states because of the Union's decentralized political nature. The following list describes these legal systems, the countries or world regions where these systems are enforced, and a brief statement on the origins and major features of each.Civil Law - The most widespread type of legal system in the world, applied in various forms in approximately 150 countries. The president and other judges of the Supreme Court are appointed for six-year terms, and may serve consecutive terms.